Protection orders can be filed in as quickly as one day. A protection order is a document issued by a civil court that orders the person who is abusing or stalking you to stop doing so. A civil protection order is a civil provision with criminal consequences if breached and can be filed even if the person you are filing against has not had any criminal charges pressed against them. Protection orders prohibit or restrict contact between a victim and a wrong-doer. If you are a parent, you can file a protection order that can protect your child, even if you are not in immediate distress. Protection orders can temporarily change custody orders.